Paul H. O’Neill was the 72nd Secretary of the U.S. Treasury, serving from 2001-2002. Secretary O’Neill was chairman and CEO of Alcoa from 1987 to 1999, and retired as Chairman at the end of 2000. Prior to joining Alcoa, Secretary O’Neill was President of International Paper Company from 1985 to 1987, where he was Vice President from 1977 to 1985. He worked as a Computer Systems Analyst with the U.S. Veterans Administration from 1961 to 1966 and served on the staff of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget from 1967 to 1977. He was Deputy Director of OMB from 1974 to 1977. Secretary O'Neill is currently a Special Advisor at Blackstone and serves on the board of directors of TRW and Celanese Corporation. During the last five years Secretary O'Neill also served on the board of directors of Eastman Kodak Company and Nalco Company. He received a bachelor’s degree in economics from Fresno State College in California, and a master’s degree in public administration from Indiana University.